There are a hundred statements.
First person says: At least one of the statements is false.
Second person says: At least two of the statements is false.
Third person says: At least three of the statements are false.
Fourth person says: At least four of the statements are false.
Hundredth person says: At least a hundred of the statements are false.
Analysing it, how many statements do you think are false and how many are true?
Three men in a cafe order a meal the total cost of which is $15. They each contribute $5. The waiter takes the money to the chef who recognises the three as friends and asks the waiter to return $5 to the men.
The waiter is not only poor at mathematics but dishonest and instead of going to the trouble of splitting the $5 between the three he simply gives them $1 each and pockets the remaining $2 for himself.
Now, each of the men effectively paid $4, the total paid is therefore $12. Add the $2 in the waiters pocket and this comes to $14. Where has the other $1 gone from the original $15?
In Canada, a mathematical puzzle must be solved in order to win the lottery to classify it as a “game of skill” not gambling.